Master Reference List

20 CFR 1910. Code of Federal Regulations, Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Title 20, Part 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards. Website URL: https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owastand.display_standard_group?p_toc_level=1&p_part_number=1910. August 25, 2016.
29 CFR 1926. Code of Federal Regulations, Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Title 29, Part 1926, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. Website URL: https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owastand.display_standard_group?p_toc_level=1&p_part_number=1926. August 25, 2016
40 CFR 761. Code of Federal Regulations, Environmental Protection Agency. Title 40, Part 761, Protection of Environment. Website URL: https://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40cfr761_main_02.tpl.  August 25, 2016
AAFCO, 2015. Association of American Feed Control Officials. Champaign, IL, GOODSamples: Guidance on Obtaining Defensible Samples. Website URL: https://www.aafco.org/Portals/0/SiteContent/Publications/GOODSamples.pdf.  October 2015.
AARD, 1999. Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development. Predator Damage Control in Cultured Fish. Agdex 485/685-1. Website URL: http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex821.  December. Updated URL: https://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex821/$file/485_685-1.pdf?OpenElement
Abreu et al., 2009. Abreu, L.D.V., R. Ettinger, and T. McAlary. Simulated Soil Vapor Intrusion Attenuation Factors Including Biodegradation for Petroleum Hydrocarbons: Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation. 29(1): 105-117.  2009.
USACE, 2008. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Public Notice. Waterway Name: Kūhiō and Hilo Bays, Hilo Commercial Harbor, Hawaiʻi Island. POH-2006-338. Appendix B: USEPA, 2008. Pre-Final Report of Findings, Dredge Material Evaluation for Ocean Disposal: Construction of Inter-Island Cargo Terminal Facility at Hilo Harbor, Hawaiʻi.  January 2008.
USACE, 2012. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Ecological Risk Assessment and HHRA (Appendices to RI): Ordnance Reef (Site HI-06) Waiʻanae, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi. 
USACE, 2016. Dredged Material Management Program. Dredged Material Management Office, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District. Dredged Material Evaluation and Disposal Procedures User Manual. Website URL: http://www.nws.usace.army.mil/Portals/27/docs/civilworks/dredging/UM%202016/Final_2016_DMMP_UM_02Sept2016.pdf?ver=2016-09-02-200245-850.  August. Updated URL: https://www.nws.usace.army.mil/Missions/Civil-Works/Dredging/User-Manual/
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ADEC, 2009. Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. Division of Spill Prevention and Response. Contaminated Sites Program. Guidance on Multi-Increment Soil Sampling. Website URL: http://dec.alaska.gov/SPAR/csp/guidance/multi_increment.pdf.  March 2009.Updated URL:
ADOE, 2014. Australian Department of the Environment. Ardenna pacifica in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Website URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat.  Accessed August 26, 2014.
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Air Toxics, 2012. Air Toxics, Ltd. Guide to Air Sampling and Analysis, Canisters and Tedlar Bags. Website URL: https://www.eurofinsus.com/environment-testing/laboratories/eurofins-air-toxics/.  2012.
Air Toxics, 2012b. Air Toxics, Ltd. Sorbent and Solution Sampling Guide. Website URL: https://www.eurofinsus.com/environment-testing/laboratories/eurofins-air-toxics/.  2012.
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Aller, et al., 1991. Aller, L., Bennett, T. W. and Hacket, G., (1991). Handbook of Suggested Practices for the Design and Installation of Ground-Water Monitoring Wells, March 1991.
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APHA, 2005. American Public Health Association. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation. 21st Edition. 
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API, 2005. American Petroleum Institute. Collecting and Interpreting Soil Gas Samples from the Vadose Zone, A Practical Strategy for Assessing the Subsurface Vapor to Indoor Air Migration Pathway at Petroleum Hydrocarbon Sites. Publication Number 4741. Washington, DC: Regulatory Analysis and Scientific Affairs. Website URL: https://www.api.org/ehs/groundwater/lnapl/soilgas.cfm.  November 2005. Updated URL: https://www.api.org/~/media/Files/EHS/Clean_Water/Ground_Water_Quality/Pub4741_VI_assessment_2005.pdf
Aqua Merik, 2008. “AquaMerik – Aquaculture & Environment”. Photograph Source. Website URL: http://www.aquamerik.com/photo/environnement/fht35.gif.  December 2008.
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ASHRAE, 2010. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2010. 
ASTM, 1992. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Soil Gas Monitoring in the Vadose Zone: D5314-92e1. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Website URL: http://www.astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/D5314-92E1.htm. 
ASTM, 1998. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA. Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils, , Designation: D 422 – 63. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D422.htm. 
ASTM, 2000. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action, Designation: E2081-00. West West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/E2081-00.htm. 
ASTM, 2003. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Laboratory Subsampling of Media Related to Waste Management Activities: D6323-98(2003). West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6323.htm. 
ASTM, 2004. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells, Designation: D5092-04. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, June 2004. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6724.htm. Correct URL: https://www.astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/D5092-04.htm
ASTM, 2004b. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action, Designation E2081-00(2004)e1 Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2081.htm. 
ASTM, 2005. American Society for Testing and Materials. Guide for Development of Ground-Water Monitoring Wells in Granular Aquifers, Designation: ASTM D5521-05. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D5521.htm. 
ASTM, 2005b. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Selection of Soil and Rock Sampling Devices Used With Drilling Rigs for Environmental Investigations; ASTM Standard D 6169-98(2005), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6169.htm. 
ASTM, 2006. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Use of Hollow-Stem Augers for Geoenvironmental Exploration and Installation of Subsurface Water-Quality Monitoring Devices; ASTM Standard D 5784-95(2006), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D5784.htm. 
ASTM, 2006b. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Use of Direct Air Rotary Drilling for Geoenvironmental Exploration and Installation of Subsurface Water-Quality Monitoring Devices; ASTM Standard D 5782-95(2006), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D5782.htm. 
ASTM, 2006c. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization; ASTM Standard D 6286-98(2006), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6286.htm. 
ASTM, 2006d. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System); ASTM Standard D 2487-06e1, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D2487.htm. 
ASTM, 2006e. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure); ASTM Standard D 2488-06, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D2488.htm. 
ASTM, 2006f. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. ASTM D5314 – 92e1(2006) Standard Guide for Soil Gas Monitoring in the Vadose Zone.  2006.
ASTM, 2007b. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Direct Push Technology for Volatile Contaminant Logging with the Membrane Interface Probe, ASTM D7352 – 07. 
ASTM, 2008. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation; ASTM Standard D 2113-08, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D2113.htm. 
ASTM, 2010. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Cone Penetrometer Technology Characterization of Petroleum Contaminated Sites with Nitrogen Laser-Induced Fluorescence, ASTM D6187 – 97(2010). 
ASTM, 2010b. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. ASTM D1945 – 03(2010) Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography.  2010.
ASTM, 2010c. Standard Practice of Pre-packed Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers: D6725M – 16. West Conshohokken, PA.
ASTM, 2011. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. ASTM D1946 – 90(2011) Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography.  2011.
ASTM, 2011b. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils. ASTM Standard D1586-11. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/D1586.htm. 
ASTM, 2012. Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization: Designation: D6001 – 05. West Conshohokken, PA: Reapproved 2012.
ASTM, 2013. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process: E1527-13. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1527.htm.  November 2013.
ASTM, 2018a. Standard Guide for Field Filtration of Groundwater Samples: D6564/D6564M – 17/, West Conshohocken, PA. January 2018.
ASTM, 2018b. Standard Guide for Purging Methods for Wells Used for Ground Water Quality Investigations: D6452-18, West Conshohocken, PA.
ASTM, 2019. Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells: Designation: D4448 – 01, West Conshohocken, PA. Reapproved 2019.
ASTM, 2020. Standard Guide for Selection of Passive Techniques for Sampling Groundwater Monitoring Wells: D7929 – 20, West Conshohocken, PA.
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CalEPA, 1996a1. DTSC. Guidance for Ecological Risk Assessments at Hazardous Waste Sites and Permitted Facilities (Part A). Website URL: https://www.dtsc.ca.gov/AssessingRisk/upload/overview.pdf.  Local Copy (448KB).  July 4, 1996. Updated URL: https://dtsc.ca.gov/ecological-risk-assessment-hero/
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Hartman, B., 1998. The Great Escape (from the UST). New England Interstate Water Pollution Prevention, LUSTLine, Bulletin No. 30.  September 1998.
Hartman, B., 2002. How to Collect Reliable Soil-Gas Data for Risk-Based Applications, Part 1: Active Soil-Gas Method. LUSTLine Bulletin 42. October. Website URL: http://www.handpmg.com/documents/LustLine42-Active_Soil_Gas_Part_1.pdf.  Local Copy (370KB). 
Hartman, B., 2003. How to Collect Reliable Soil-Gas Data for Upward Risk Assessments, Part 2: Surface Flux Chamber Method. LUSTLine Bulletin 44. Website URL: http://www.handpmg.com/documents/LustLine-44-Flux_Chambers_Part_2.pdf.  Local Copy (228KB).  August 2003.
Hartman, B., 2004. How to Collect Reliable Soil-Gas Data for Risk-Based Applications – Specifically Vapor Intrusion, Part 3: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. LUSTLine Bulletin 48. Website URL: http://www.handpmg.com/documents/LustLine-48-FAQ_Part_3.pdf.  Local Copy (327KB).  November 2004.
Hawaiʻi Coral Reef Initiative. 2002. The First Four Years: Hawaiʻi Coral Reef Initiative Research Program 1998-2002. Website URLhttp://www.hcri.ssri.hawaii.edu/files/education/edu-about-01.pdf. 
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HDLNR, 2004. Hawai’i Department of Land and Natural Resources. Hawai’i Well Construction and Pump Installation Standards. Commission on Water Resource Management.  February 2004.
HDOA, 1969. Hawaiʻi Department of Agriculture. Pesticide Problems in Hawaiʻi.  Local Copy (20KB).  December 1969.
HDOA, 1977. Pesticide Usage Patterns in Hawaiʻi. Pesticide Hazard Assessment Project, Pacific Biomedical Research Center.  Local Copy (20KB). 
HDOA, 1987. A Preliminary Assessment of Inert Ingredients in Pesticides Used in Hawaiʻi.  Local Copy (20KB). 
HDOA, 1989. Inventory of Pesticide Storage and Mixing Sites. Report to the Fifteenth Legislature, 1989 Regular Session in Response to Section 46C of the Supplemental Appropriations Act of 1988 (Act 390).  Local Copy (20KB).  January 1989.
HDOH, 1985. Hawaiʻi Department of Health. Report to the Thirteenth Legislature, 1985 Regular Session in Response to House Concurrent Resolution No. 39, H.D. 1, S.D. 1 of the Twelfth Legislature, 1984 Session Requesting the Office of Environmental Quality Control to Determine the Source of EDB Contamination of the Waipahu Wells.  Local Copy (20KB).  January 1985.
HDOH, 1985b. Hawai’i State Department of Health. Profiles of Fumigants Used in Pineapple Cultivation in Maui: Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Environmental Quality Control.  August 1985.
HDOH, 1985c. Source of Contamination of Maui Wells. Report to 13th Legislature.  Local Copy (20KB).  January 1985.
HDOH, 1985d. Source of Contamination of Maui Wells: Hawai’i Department of Agriculture, Report to 13th Legislature.  January 1985.
HDOH, 1990. Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes (HRS) 128D: Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Hawaiʻi Environmental Response Law, Chapter 128D. Website URL: https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol03_Ch0121-0200D/HRS0128D/.  Local Copy (111KB). 
HIDOH, 1992.Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Hawaiʻi Administrative Rules, Title 11, Chapter 23, Underground Injection Control: Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Safe Drinking Water Branch, 1992. (maps accessible at: https://health.hawaii.gov/sdwb/underground-injection-control-program/)
HDOH, 1995. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Environmental Management Division. Risk-Based Corrective Action and Decision Making at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater: Volume 1.  Local Copy (13.5MB).  December 1995 (revised June, 1996).
HDOH, 1995a. Determination of Groundwater Utility at Leaking Underground Storage Tank Sites: Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch, September 19, 1995.
HDOH, 1997. State of Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office. Technical Guidance Manual for the Implementation of the Hawaiʻi State Contingency Plan.  October 1997.
HDOH, 2000. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Environmental Management Division. Technical Guidance Manual for Underground Storage Tank Closure and Release Response. Second Edition.  Local Copy (46KB).  March 2000.
HDOH, 2005. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, HEER Office. Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Interim Final.  Local Copy (26.0MB).  May 2005.
HDOH, 2005b. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, HEER Office. Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Interim Final.  Local Copy (7.9MB).  May 2005 (Updated August 2006).
HDOH, 2005c. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Ecological Risk Assessment Waiakea Pond Hilo, Hawaiʻi. 
HDOH, 2006. Proposed Dioxin Action Levels for East Kapolei Brownfield Site.  Local Copy (78KB).  March 23, 2006.
HDOH, 2006b. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Safe Drinking Water Branch. Groundwater Protection Program. 2005 Groundwater Contamination Maps for the State of Hawaiʻi.  Local Copy (523KB).  July 28, 2006.
HDOH, 2006c. Technical Report regarding Soil Action Levels and Categories for Bioaccessible Arsenic.  Local Copy (109KB).  August 7, 2006.
HDOH, 2007. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Use of laboratory batch tests to evaluate potential leaching of contaminants from soil.  Local Copy (215KB).  April 2007.
HDOH, 2007b. Letter from Laurence K. Lau, Deputy Director of Environmental Health, Hawai’i Department of Health to Rear Admiral Len R. Hering, Sr., Commander, Navy Region Southwest, DoD Regional Environmental Coordinator Region 9, U.S. Navy regarding Implementation of the UECA on DoD Owned Property.  October 1, 2007.
HDOH, 2007c. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Long-Term Management of Petroleum-Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/tgm/section-19/appendix-19-a. Local Copy (161KB).  June 2007
HDOH, 2007d. HEER Office. Pesticides in Former Agricultural Lands and Related Areas – Updates on Investigation and Assessment (Arsenic, Technical Chlordane, and Dioxin Test Methodologies and Action Levels and Field Sampling Strategies).  May 11, 2007.
HDOH, 2007e. East Kapolei Affordable Housing Project Kapolei, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi: Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. prepared by Tetra Tech EM Inc.  December 4, 2007.
HDOH, 2010. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Update to Soil Action Levels for TEQ Dioxins and Recommended Soil Management Practices. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/guidance/additional-guidance-documents/#addtl7.  Local Copy (322KB).  June 2010.
HDOH, 2010b. Arsenic in Canec Ceilings and Wallboard in Hawai’i. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/environmental-health/fact-sheets/.  Local Copy (463KB).  September 2010
HDOH, 2010c. Technical Guidance Document for the Implementation of Chapter 452 of Title 11, Hawaiʻi Administrative Rules, entitled “Requirements for Decontamination and Cleanup of Methamphetamine Manufacturing Sites.” Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/about-heer/statutes-and-rules/.  Local Copy (2.3MB).  September 2007 (Draft Edition). Revised May 2010.
HDOH, 2011b. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Technical Guidance Manual Notes: Decision Unit and Multi-Increment Sample Investigations. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/tgm/additional-guidance-documents/.  Local Copy (4.2MB).  2011.
HDOH, 2011c. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Update to Soil Action Levels for Inorganic Arsenic and Recommended Soil Management Practices. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/05/HDOH-2011c.pdf.  Local Copy (297KB).  November 25, 2011.
HDOH, 2011d. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Summary of Pesticide and Dioxin Contamination Associated with Former Sugarcane Operations. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/06/HDOH2011d.pdf.  Local Copy (416KB). 
HDOH, 2011e. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Guidance for the Evaluation of Imported and Exported Fill Material, Including Contaminant Characterization of Stockpiles. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/07/HDOH2011e.pdf.  Local Copy (4.8MB). 
HDOH, 2011f. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Screening for Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/06/HDOH2011f.pdf.  Local Copy (18.8MB).  Fall 2011 (and updates),
HDOH, 2011g. Past Use of Chlordane, Dieldrin, and other Organochlorine Pesticides for Termite Control in Hawaiʻi: Safe Management Practices around Treated Foundations or during Building Demolition. Termiticides fact sheet.. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2019/10/Past-Use-of-Chlordane-Dieldrin-and-other-Organochlorine-Pesticides-for-Termite-Control-in-Hawaii-Safe-Management-Practices-2018.pdf.  Local Copy (849KB).  September 2011.
HDOH, 2011h. A Guide to Soil Testing for Organochlorine (OC) Termiticides at Residential Sites in Hawaiʻi. OC Termiticide Sampling Guide fact sheet. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2019/10/A-Guide-to-Soil-Testing-for-Organochlorine-Termiticides-at-Residential-Sites-in-Hawaii-2018.pdf.  Local Copy (1.7MB).  September 2011.
HDOH, 2011i. Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Use of Decision Unit and Multi-increment Soil Sample Investigation Approaches to Characterize A Subsurface Solvent Plume.  Local Copy (4.2MB).  March 2011.
HDOH, 2011j. Hawai’i Department of Health, Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch. Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Disposal General Guidance.  February 2011.
HDOH, 2012. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Field Investigation of the Chemistry and Toxicity of TPH in Petroleum Vapors: Implications for Potential Vapor Intrusion Hazards. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/07/HDOH2012.pdf.  Local Copy (11.3MB).  2012.
HDOH, 2012b. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Hawaiian Islands Soil Metal Background Evaluation Report. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2012/05/Hawaiian-Islands-Soil-Metal-Background-Evaluation-Report-May-2012.pdf.  Local Copy (5.8MB).  May 2012.
HDOH, 2012c. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Additional Notes on HDOH report Field Investigation of the Chemistry and Toxicity of TPH in Petroleum Vapors. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/06/HDOH2012c.pdf.  Local Copy (13.8MB).  August 2012.
HDOH, 2013. Arsenic in Hawaiian Soils: Questions and Answers on Health Concerns. Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/soil-arsenic-guidance-and-information.  Local Copy (898KB).  September 2010 (arsenic level updated April 2013).Updated URL: Revised May 2018 https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2019/10/Arsenic-in-Hawaiian-Soils-Questions-and-Answers-on-Health-Concerns-2018.pdf
HDOH, 2014. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Laboratory date for samples of Hawai´i Kai dredge material at 85-1383 C&D Waianae Valley Road, Waianae, Oʻahu.  January 10, 2014.
HDOH, 2014b. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Decision Error Associated with the use of Discrete Soil Sample Data in Environmental Investigations, Part 1: Field Investigation of Discrete Sample Variability.  October 2014.
HDOH, 2015. Hawai´i Department of Health, Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Small-Scale Variability of Discrete Soil Sample Data, Part 1: Field Investigation of Discrete Sample Variability. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2019/10/Part-1-Report-revAug-2015.pdf.  June 2015.
HDOH, 2015b. Hawai´i Department of Health, Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Small-Scale Variability of Discrete Soil Sample Data, Part 2: Causes and Implications for Use in Environmental Investigations. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2019/10/Discrete-Variability-Part-2-May-2015.pdf.  June 2015.
HDOH, 2015c. Applicable Monitoring and Assessment Plan Guidelines: Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Clean Water Branch. Local Copy
HDOH, 2015b. Applicable Monitoring and Assessment Plan Sampling Notes: Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Clean Water Branch. Local Copy
HDOH, 2016. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/guidance/ehe-and-eals/#ehe1. Summer 2016 (and updates).
HDOH, 2016b. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Evaluation of Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater – Tropical Pacific Edition . Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/ehe-guidance-tropical-pacific-edition/.  Summer 2016 (and updates).
HDOH, 2017. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/guidance/ehe-and-eals/#ehe1. Fall 2017 and updates.
HDOH, 2017b. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Evaluation of Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater – Tropical Pacific Edition, for use in U.S. Territories and related areas in the tropical Pacific region. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/ehe-guidance-tropical-pacific-edition/.  Fall 2017 and updates.
HDOH, 2017c. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Field Study of High-Density Passive Sampler and Large Volume Purge Methods to Characterize Subslab Vapor Plumes. Website URLhttps://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2019/10/LVPFieldStudyHDOHJuly2017.pdf.  July 2017.
HDOH, 2017d. Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Guidance for Soil Stockpile Characterization and Evaluation of Imported and Exported Fill Material. Website URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/files/2021/06/HDOH2017d.pdf.  Local Copy (3.5MB).  October 8, 2017.
HDOH, 2017e. Evaluation of Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. Fall 2017. https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/guidance/ehe-and-eals#ehe1
HDOH, 2018. Hawaiʻi Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response. (On-line) Technical Guidance Manual for the Implementation of the Hawaiʻi State Contingency Plan, Sections 3, 4, and 5. Website URLhttp://www.hawaiidoh.org.  Accessed October 2018. Updated URL: https://health.hawaii.gov/heer/tgm/
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Hewitt & Lukash, 1999. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. PID-Based Estimation of the Concentration of Aromatic and Chlorinated VOCs in Soil. Website URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6521(1999)3:3%3C193%3A%3AAID-FACT7%3E3.0.CO%3B2-A/abstract.  March 1999.
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ITRC, 1997. Interstate Technology Regulatory Council. Technical Requirements for On-site Thermal Desorption of Solid Media Contaminated With Hazardous Chlorinated Organics. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Guidance/GetDocument?documentID=97&documentID=97.  Local Copy (201KB).  April 18, 1997. Updated URL: https://connect.itrcweb.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=4777afc3-6954-45e3-80eb-4d8f9ba91f97
ITRC, 1998. Interstate Technology Regulatory Council. Technical Guidelines for On-site Thermal Desorption of Solid Media and Low Level Mixed Waste Contaminated with Mercury and/or Hazardous Chlorinated Organics. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Guidance/GetDocument?documentID=98&documentID=98.  Local Copy (242KB).  September 2, 1998. Updated URL: https://itrcweb.org/viewdocument/technical-requirements-for-on-site-1
ITRC, 2002. Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council. A Systematic Approach to In-Situ Bioremediation in Groundwater Including Decision Trees on In-Situ Bioremediation for Nitrates, Carbon Tetrachloride, and Perchlorate. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Guidance/GetDocument?documentID=43&documentID=43.  Local Copy (2.0MB).  August 2002. Updated URL: https://connect.itrcweb.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=805e6d7c-52c4-4a9a-8fb6-71faf1430224
ITRC, 2005. Interstate Technology Regulatory Council. Technical and Regulatory Guidance for In-Situ Chemical Oxidation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater, Second Edition. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Guidance/GetDocument?documentID=45&documentID=45.  Local Copy (4.8MB).  January 2005. Updated URL: https://connect.itrcweb.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=2cb2ab84-e304-47c0-ab1a-6980cb5fe3ba
ITRC, 2006. Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC), 2006. Technology Overview of Passive Sampler Technologies. March 2006.
ITRC, 2007. Interstate Technology Regulatory Council. Vapor Intrusion Pathway: A Practical Guideline. Prepared by the ITRC Vapor Intrusion Team. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Documents/VI-1.pdf.  Local Copy (3.2MB).  January 2007. Updated URL: https://connect.itrcweb.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=d7060ea7-c0f3-42be-827c-328d739f97f3
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ITRC, 2009. Interstate Technology Regulatory Council. Evaluating LNAPL Remedial Technologies for Achieving Project Goals. Prepared by the ITRC LNAPLs Team. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Guidance/GetDocument?documentID=48&documentID=48.  Local Copy (1.0MB).  December 2009.
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ITRC, 2012. Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council, Incremental Sampling Methodology Team. Incremental Sampling Methodology. ISM-1. Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/ism-1/Executive_Summary.html.  February 2012. Updated URL: https://connect.itrcweb.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=de542d9e-c7df-4424-b8bb-78481c4500e7
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USDA, 1987. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. USDA Textural Classification Study Guide.  February 1987.
USDA, 2000. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Crop Profile for Pineapples in Hawaiʻi. Crop Profile for Sugarcane in Hawaiʻi.  Local Copy (29KB). 
USDA, 2015. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Soil Surveys for Hawai’i: (publication date varies for each island). 
USDA-NRCS, 2007. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. Soil Survey Manual. 
USDL, 2002. U.S. Department of Labor. Excavations: Occupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA Publication No. 2226. 
USDOD, 2000. U.S. Department of Defense. Cost and Performance Report – Multi-Site In-Situ Air Sparging, Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP). Website URL: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a435719.pdf.  Local Copy (1.1MB).  December 2000. Updated URL: https://serdp-estcp.org/index.php/content/download/3732/59402/file/CU-199808-CP.pdf
USDOD, 2015. U.S. Department of Defense, Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, ESTCP Project ER-200830. Development of More Cost-Effective Methods for Long-Term Monitoring of Soil Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air Using Quantitative Passive Diffusive-Adsorptive Sampling.  August 2015.
USDOE, 2002. U.S. Department of Energy, Building Technology Program. Spot Ventilation, Source Control to Improve Indoor Air Quality (Technology Fact Sheet). Website URL: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/building_america/26466.pdf.  Updated URL: https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy03osti/26466.pdf
USDOE, 2018. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management. The Risk Assessment Information System. Website URL: http://rais.ornl.gov/tools/eco_search.php.  Accessed September 2018.
USEIA, 2012. U.S. Energy Information Administration. Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey Climate Zones Maps. Website URL: http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/census-maps.cfm. 
USEPA, 1983. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, EPA/600/4-79-020. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=30000Q10.txt.  Local Copy (16.5MB).  March 1983. Updated URL: https://www.wbdg.org/FFC/EPA/EPACRIT/epa600_4_79_020.pdf
USEPA, 1985. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances, Washington, DC. Verification of PCB Spill Cleanup by Sampling and Analysis, EPA/560/5-85/026.  August 1985.
USEPA, 1986. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances, Washington, DC. Field Manual for Grid Sampling of PCB Spill Sites to Verify Cleanups, EPA/560/5-86/017.  May 1986.
USEPA, 1987. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, Washington, DC. Data Quality Objectives for Remedial Response Activities, EPA/540/G-87/003.  March 1987.
USEPA, 1988. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Guidance for Conducting Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies Under CERCLA. EPA/540/G-891/004, OSWER Directive 9355.3-01, Interim Final. Washington, DC  October 1988.
USEPA, 1988b. Region 9. Recommended Procedures for Implementation of Superfund Risk Assessment Guidelines.  Local Copy (20KB).  August 17, 1988.
USEPA, 1988c. Superfund Exposure Assessment Manual: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, OSWER Directive 9285.5-1, EPA/540/1-88/001. Washington, DC  April 1988.
USEPA, 1988d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. At USEPA SW-846 Methods site, Method 6020a, Inductively Coupled Plasma – Mass Spectrometry (SW-846 Method 6020a). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-07/documents/epa-6020a.pdf.  January 1988. Updated URL: https://www.epa.gov/esam/epa-method-6020b-sw-846-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
USEPA, 1989. Criteria for Identifying Areas of Vulnerable Hydrogeology Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Appendix B – Ground-Water Flow Net/Flow Line Construction and Analysis. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=40001F6N.txt.  Local Copy (20KB).  Interim Final 1989.
USEPA, 1989b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Methods of Evaluating the Attainment of Cleanup Standards, Volume 1: Soils and Solid Media, EPA 230/02-89-042. (see Section 7.4 and Table 7.1 especially). Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=200081SR.txt.  Local Copy (4.5MB).  February 1989.
USEPA, 1989c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume II, Environmental Evaluation Manual. EPA/540/1-89/001.  Local Copy (548KB).  March 1989.
USEPA, 1989d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Interim Final Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation (RFI) Guidance, Volume II of IV, Soil Groundwater and Subsurface Gas Releases. EPA/530/SW-89/031, OSWER Directive 9502.00-6D. Washington, DC  Local Copy (20KB).  May 1989.
USEPA, 1989e. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume 1, Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. EPA/540/1-89/002. Washington, DC: GPO.  Local Copy (10.1MB).  December 1989.
USEPA, 1990. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Washington, DC. A Rationale for the Assessment of Errors in the Sampling of Soils, EPA/800/4-90/013.  May 1990.
USEPA, 1991. Handbook of Suggested Practices for the Design and Installation of Groundwater-Monitoring Wells. EPA160014-891034. Las Vegas, Nevada.  Local Copy (5.8MB).  March 1991.
USEPA, 1991b. Role of the Baseline Risk Assessment in Superfund Remedy Selection Decisions. OSWER Directive 9355.0-30.  Local Copy (56KB).  April 2, 1991.
USEPA, 1991c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Volume II, Chapter 11. SW-846.  Local Copy (20KB).  1991, revised 2003.
USEPA, 1991d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, ISBN No. 0-16-035919-8. Building Air Quality, A Guide for Building owners and Facility Managers.  Local Copy (2.7MB).  December 1991.
USEPA, 1991e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Directive 9285.6-03. Human Health Evaluation Manual, Supplemental Guidance: Standard Default Exposure Factors. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=90181100.txt.  Local Copy (196KB). 
USEPA, 1991f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Management of Investigation-Derived Wastes During Site Inspections, OERR Directive 9345.3-02.  May 1991.
USEPA, 1992. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Groundwater Issue – Fundamentals of Ground-Water Modeling. EPA/540/S-92/005. Washington, DC. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=10002DP6.txt.  Local Copy (88KB).  April 1992.
USEPA, 1992a. Potential Sources of Error in Groundwater Sampling at Hazardous Waste Sites. EPA/540/S-92/019, August 1992.
USEPA, 1992b. Supplemental Guidance to RAGS: Calculating the Concentration Term. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. OSWER Publication 9258.7-081. Washington, DC  Local Copy (939KB).  May 1992.
USEPA, 1992c. Preparation of Soil Sampling Protocols: Sampling Techniques and Strategies. EPA/600/R-92/128.  Local Copy (2.3MB).  July 1992.
USEPA, 1992d. RCRA Ground-Water Monitoring: Draft Technical Guidance. Office of Solid Waste. Washington, DC.  Local Copy (2.0MB).  November 1992.
USEPA, 1992e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment. EPA/630/R-92/001. 
USEPA, 1992f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Guide to Management of Investigation-Derived Wastes: Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response – Publication: 9345.3-03FS, April 1992. Website URL: https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/130754.pdf Local Copy
USEPA, 1993. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Remedies: Policies and Procedures. EPA/540-F-93-047.  Local Copy (86KB).  September 1993.
USEPA, 1993b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Remedies: Site Characterization and Technology Selection for CERCLA Sites with Volatile Organic Compounds in Soils. EPA/540-F-93-048.  Local Copy (358KB).  September 1993.
USEPA, 1993c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Remedy for CERCLA Municipal Landfill Sites. EPA/540-F-93-035.  Local Copy (472KB).  September 1993.
USEPA, 1993d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Wildlife Exposure Factors Handbook. Appendix: Literature Review Database. Washington, DC, Office of Research and Development. II of II. 
USEPA, 1994. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Photoionization Detector (PID) HNU, SOP# 2114. Website URL: http://www.dem.ri.gov/pubs/sops/wmsr2114.pdf.  Local Copy (57KB).  Ocober, 6, 1994.
USEPA, 1994b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Technical Support Document: Parameters and Equations Used in the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Lead in Children (v. 0.99d). EPA/540/R-94/040, PB94-963505. Washington, DC  Local Copy (928KB).  December 1994.
USEPA, 1995. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Rapid Optical Screen Tool (ROST™) – Innovative Technology Verification Report, EPA/540/R-95/519.  Local Copy (82KB).  August 1995.
USEPA, 1995b. Superfund Program, Representative Sampling Guidance, Volume 1: Soil. Interim Final. EPA/540/R-95/141, OSWER Directive 9360.4-16, PB96-963207. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/char/SF_Rep_Samp_Guid_soil.pdf.  Local Copy (1.1MB).  December 1995.
USEPA, 1995c. Superfund Program, Representative Sampling Guidance, Volume 5: Water and Sediment. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9360.4-16.  Local Copy (2.3MB).  December 1995.
USEPA, 1995d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Remedy – CERCLA Landfill Caps RI/FS Data Collection Guide . EPA/540/F-95/009.  Local Copy (67KB).  August 1995.
USEPA, 1995e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Remedy for Soils, Sediments, and Sludges at Wood Treater Sites. EPA/540/R-95/128.  Local Copy (270KB).  December 1995.
USEPA, 1995f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, EPA/402/K-93/007. The Inside Story: A Guide to Indoor Air Quality.  April 1995.
USEPA, 1996. Organochlorine Pesticides by Gas Chromatography, Method 8081A.  Local Copy (20KB). 
USEPA, 1996b. Soil Screening Guidance: Technical Background Document. Publication 9355.4-17A.  Local Copy (68KB).  May 1996.
USEPA, 1996c. Soil Gas Sampling, Standard Operating Procedure No. 2042. Washington, DC  Local Copy (108KB).  June 1996.
USEPA, 1996d. Sampling Ambient Water for Trace Metals at EPA Water Quality Criteria Levels, Method 1669. EPA/821/R-96/011.  Local Copy (763KB).  July 1996.
USEPA, 1996e. Recommendations of the Technical Review Workgroup for Lead for an (Interim) Approach to Assessing Risks Associated with Adult Exposures to Lead in Soil.  Local Copy (4.8MB).  December 1996 (Revised January 2003.)
USEPA, 1996f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency User Guide to the VOCs in Soils Presumptive Remedy. EPA/540-F-96/008.  Local Copy (158KB).  July 1996.
USEPA, 1996g. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Response Strategy and Ex-Situ Treatment Technologies for Contaminated Ground Water at CERCLA Sites. Final Guidance. EPA/540/R-96/023.  Local Copy (251KB).  October 1996.
USEPA, 1996h. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency How to Effectively Recover Free Product at Leaking Underground Storage Tank Sites: A Guide for State Regulators. EPA/510/R-96/001. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=100006J5.txt.  Local Copy (196KB).  September 1996.
USEPA, 1996i. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Innovative Ground-Water Remediation Technologies: Publications and Conference Proceedings. 1990-1996. Technology Innovation Office. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/remed/gwbib.pdf.  Local Copy (483KB).  November 1996.
USEPA, 1996j. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Technology Transfer Network, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center, Method 3C, Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, and Oxygen from Stationary Sources.  1996.
USEPA, 1996k. Silica Gel Cleanup, Method 3630C: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  Local Copy (80KB). 
USEPA, 1996l. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Soil Screening for Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4030).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996m. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Soil Screening for Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4035).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996n. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening for Polychlorinated Biphenyls by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4020).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996o. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening Test Method for Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Soil (SW-846 Method 9078).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996p. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening Test Method for Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Transformer Oil (SW-846 Method 9079).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996q. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Soil Screening for Chlordane by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4041).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996r. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Soil Screening for DDT by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4042).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996s. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Soil Screening for Toxaphene by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4040).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996t. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening for 2,4-D (in soil or water) by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4015).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996u. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening for Pentachlorophenol (in soil and wastewater) by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4010A).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. TNT Explosives in Soil by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4050).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996w. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. RDX in Soil by Immunoassay (SW-846 Method 4051).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996x. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Colorometric Screening Method for TNT in Soil (SW-846 Method 8515).  December, 1996.
USEPA, 1996y. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. At USEPA SW-846 Methods site, Method 3050B, Acid Digestion of Sediments, Sludges, and Soils (SW-846 Method 3050B). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-06/documents/epa-3050b.pdf.  December 1996.
USEPA, 1996z. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. At USEPA SW-846 Methods site, Method 3052, Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Siliceous and Organically Based Matrices (SW-846 Method 3050B). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-12/documents/3052.pdf.  December 1996.
USEPA, 1996za. ECO Update: Identify Candidate Assessment Endpoints Ecological Significance and Selection of Candidate Assessment Endpoints. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/v3no1.pdf. 
USEPA, 1997. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA), Office of Research and Development and Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Health Effects Assessment Summary Tables. Annual Update. Washington, DC Website URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=2877. 
USEPA, 1997b. Expedited Site Assessment Tools for Underground Storage Tank Sites. A Guide for Regulators. EPA/510/B-97/001. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=100006KD.txt.  Local Copy (150KB).  March 1997.
USEPA, 1997c. Presumptive Remedy: Supplemental Bulletin Multi-Phase Extraction (MPE) Technology for VOCs in Soil and Groundwater. EPA/540/F-97/004, OSWER Directive 9355.0-68FS. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/toolkit/finalapr.pdf.  Local Copy (240KB).  April 1997.
USEPA, 1997d. Ecological Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund: Process for Designing and Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments. Interim Final, EPA/540/R-97/006.  Local Copy (455KB).  June 5, 1997.
USEPA, 1997e. Exposure Factors Handbook: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. EPA/600/P-95/002Fa.  Local Copy (11.0MB).  August 1997.
USEPA, 1997f. Toxicological Review of Technical Chlordane (CAS No. 12789-03-6). IRIS database.  Local Copy (385KB).  December 1997.
USEPA, 1997g. Method 5035. Closed-System Purge-and-Trap and Extraction for Volatile Organics in Soil and Waste Samples, Revision 0.  December 1996.
USEPA, 1997h. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Design Guidelines for Conventional Pump-and-Treat Systems. EPA/540/S-97/504.  September 1997.
USEPA, 1997i. Ecological Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund: Process for Designing and Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments. Interim Final. Environmental Response Team.  June 5, 1997.
USEPA, 1998. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. Innovative Technology Verification Report – Site Characterization Analysis Penetrometer Systems (SCAPS) Technology Report. EPA/600/R-95/520. Washington, DC.  Local Copy (81KB).  March 1998.
USEPA, 1998b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, SW-846 Manual. Revision 5. Washington, DC  Local Copy (20KB).  April 1998.
USEPA, 1998c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Evaluation of Subsurface Engineered Barriers at Waste Sites. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/542/R-98/005. Website URL: https://www.geo-solutions.com/technical-resources/.  Local Copy (1.7MB).  August 1998. Updated URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/tiff2png.exe/10002ZT9.PNG?-r+75+-g+7+D%3A%5CZYFILES%5CINDEX%20DATA%5C95THRU99%5CTIFF%5C00000930%5C10002ZT9.TIF
USEPA, 1998d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Innovation Technology Evaluation Program, EPA/600/R-98/095. Environmental Technology Verification Report: Passive Soil Gas Sampling, W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc., GORE-SORBER® Screening Survey.  August, 1998.
USEPA, 1998e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Innovation Technology Evaluation Program, Contract No. 68-C5-0037; EPA/600/R-98/095. Environmental Technology Verification Report: Soil Gas Sampling Technology Quadrel Services Inc., EMFLUX Soil Gas System.  August, 1998.
USEPA, 1998f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation. Building Indoor Air Quality Action Plan, EPA/402/K-98/001.  1998.
USEPA, 1998g. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Approach for Addressing Dioxin in Soil at CERCLA and RCRA Sites. OSWER Directive 9200.4-26.  Local Copy (43KB).  April 13, 1998.
USEPA, 1998h. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Code of Federal Regulations. CFR Part 761.61, PCB Remediation Waste. 
USEPA, 1998i. Guidelines for ecological risk assessment. EPA/630/R-95/002F. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-11/documents/eco_risk_assessment1998.pdf.  May 14, 1998.
USEPA, 1999. Compendium of ERT Groundwater Sampling Procedures. EPA/540/P-91/007. Washington, DC  Local Copy (20KB).  January 1999.
USEPA, 1999b. Compendium of Methods. Second Edition. Technology Transfer Network, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center. Washington, DC  Local Copy (20KB).  January 1999.
USEPA, 1999c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Sciences Division. Correct Sampling Using the Theories of Pierre Gy. Las Vegas, NV.  Local Copy (141KB).  March 1999.
USEPA, 1999d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response. The Use of Monitored Natural Attenuation at Superfund, RCRA Corrective Action, and Underground Storage Tanks Sites. OSWER Directive 9200.4-17P.  Local Copy (278KB).  April 21, 1999.
USEPA, 1999e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Phytoremediation Resource Guide. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/542/B-99/003.  Local Copy (426KB).  June 1999.
USEPA, 1999f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presumptive Remedy for Metals-in-Soil Sites. EPA/540-F-98-054.  Local Copy (199KB).  September 1999.
USEPA, 1999g. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Oil/Water Separators. Best Environmental Practices for Auto Repair and Fleet Maintenance.  November 1999.
USEPA, 2000. Data Quality Objectives Process for Hazardous Waste Sites: Final Guidance. Office of Environmental Information. EPA/600/R-00/007.  Local Copy (599KB).  January 2000.
USEPA, 2000b. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) (Aroclors). Technology Transfer Network, Air Toxics Web Page. Hazard Summary.  Local Copy (84KB).  April 1992 ( Revised in January 2000.)
USEPA, 2000c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response. Engineered Approaches to In-Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents: Fundamentals and Field Applications. EPA/542/R-00/008. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/remed/engappinsitbio.pdf.  Local Copy (2.2MB). 
USEPA, 2000d. Office of Environmental Information. Guidance for Data Quality Assessment: Practical Methods for Data Analysis, EPA QA/G-9, QA00 Update. EPA/600/R-96/084. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=30003GXE.txt.  Local Copy (1.7MB).  July 2000. Updated URL: https://www.wbdg.org/ffc/epa/criteria/epa-600-r-96-084
USEPA, 2000e. TRW Recommendations for Sampling and Analysis of Soil at Lead (Pb) Sites: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA/540/F-0-010/OSWER 9285.7-38.  April 2000.
USEPA, 2000f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. User’s Guide for the Johnson and Ettinger (1991) Model for Subsurface Vapor Intrusion into Buildings.  September 1997 (and updates).
USEPA, 2000g. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency In-situ Chemical Oxidation for Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Ground Water. Groundwater Currents. Issue 37. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/newsltrs/gwc0900.pdf.  Local Copy (79KB).  September 2000.
USEPA, 2000h. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency In-situ Treatment of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated with Chromium. Technical Resource Guide. Office of Research and Development. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/remed/epa625r00005.pdf.  Local Copy (1.3MB).  October 2000.
USEPA, 2000i. Office of Water. Bioaccumulation Testing and Interpretation for the Purpose of Sediment Quality Assessment: Status and Needs. EPA/823/R-00/001. Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/EPA/html/DLwait.htm?url=/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi/20003TQ1.PDF?Dockey=20003TQ1.PDF. 
USEPA, 2001. Using the Triad Approach to Improve the Cost-Effectiveness of Hazardous Waste Site Cleanups in Current Perspectives in Site Remediation and Monitoring. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/542/R-01/016. Website URL: https://brownfieldstsc.org/pdfs/triad2.pdf.  Local Copy (168KB).  October 2001.
USEPA, 2001b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response. A Citizen’s Guide to Activated Carbon Treatment. EPA/542/F-01/020. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/citizens/activatedcarbon.pdf.  Local Copy (533KB).  December 2001.
USEPA, 2001c. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS): Volume I – Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part D, Standardized Planning, Reporting and Review of Superfund Risk Assessments). Final.  Local Copy (20KB).  December 2001.
USEPA, 2001d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Reuse Assessments: A Tool to Implement the Superfund Land Use Directive. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) Memorandum 9355.7-06P. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/toolkit/thirdednew/reuseassesstool.pdf.  Local Copy (87KB).  June 4, 2001.
USEPA, 2001e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency A Citizen’s Guide To Air Stripping. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/542/F-01/016. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/citizens/a_citizens_guide_to_air_stripping.pdf.  Local Copy (529KB).  December 2001.
USEPA, 2001f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development. Innovative Technology Verification Report – Field Measurement Technologies for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil. Dexsil ® Corporation PetroFlag™ System, EPA/600/R-01/09.  September 2001.
USEPA, 2001g. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development. Innovative Technology Verification Report – CHEMetrics, Inc. and AZUR Environmental Ltd RemediAid™ Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon starter Kit. EPA/600/R-01/082.  September 2001.
USEPA, 2001h. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development. Innovative Technology Verification Report –. Field Measurement Technologies for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil siteLAB® Corporation, siteLAB® Analytical Test Kit UVF-3100A. EPA/600/R-01/080.  September 2001.
USEPA, 2001i. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, DC. Methods for Collection, Storage and Manipulation of Sediments for Chemical and Toxicological Analyses: Technical Manual. EPA/823/B-01/002.  October 2001.
USEPA, 2002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Technical Review Workgroup for Lead (TRW) Website. Technical Review Workgroup for Lead (TRW) Website, Risk Assessment.  Local Copy (20KB). 
USEPA, 2002b. Groundwater Sampling Guidelines for Superfund and RCRA Project Managers. EPA/542/S-02/001.  Local Copy (631KB).  May 2002.
USEPA, 2002c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response. Draft Guidance for Evaluating the Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air Pathway from Groundwater and Soils (Subsurface Vapor Intrusion Guidance). EPA/530/D-02/004.  Local Copy (2.0MB).  November 2002.
USEPA, 2002d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Calculating Upper Confidence Limits for Exposure Point Concentrations at Hazardous Waste Sites. OSWER 9285.6-10.  Local Copy (950KB).  December 2002.
USEPA, 2002e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response. Supplemental Guidance for Developing Soil Screening Levels for Superfund Sites. OSWER 9355.4-24.  Local Copy (2.2MB).  December 2002.
USEPA, 2002f. Guidance on Choosing a Sampling Design for Environmental Data Collection (for Use in Developing a Quality Assurance Project Plan). EPA QA/G-5S. Office of Environmental Information. EPA/240/R-02/005.  Local Copy (1.0MB).  December 2002.
USEPA, 2002g. Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans. EPA QA/G-5. Office of Environmental Information. EPA/240/R-02/009.  Local Copy (402KB).  Decemberm 2002.
USEPA, 2002h. Method 5035A. Closed-System Purge-and-Trap and Extraction for Volatile Organics in Soil and Waste Samples, Draft Revision 1.  July 2002.
USEPA, 2002i. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. User’s Guide for the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Lead in Children: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/540/K-01/005. 
USEPA, 2003. Determinative Chromatographic Separations, EPA SW-846 Method 8000C. Revision 3.  Local Copy (20KB).  March 2003.
USEPA, 2003b. Guidance for Obtaining Representative Laboratory Analytical Subsamples from Particulate Laboratory Samples, EPA/600/R-03/027. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/char/epa_subsampling_guidance.pdf.  Local Copy (2.9MB).  November 2003.
USEPA, 2003c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Division. Sample Holding Time Reevaluation, EPA/600/R-05/124. Website URL: http://www.epa.gov/esd/cmb/research/bs_033cmb06.pdf.  October 2003. Updated URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P10096LN.PDF
USEPA, 2004. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response. Treatment Technologies for Site Clean-up: Annual Status Report (Eleventh Edition). EPA/542/R-03/009.  Local Copy (5.0b).  February 2004.
USEPA, 2004b. How to Evaluate Alternative Cleanup Technologies for Underground Storage Tank Sites – A Guide for Corrective Action Plan Reviewers. EPA/510/R-04/002.  Local Copy (20KB).  May 2004. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/ust/how-evaluate-alternative-cleanup-technologies-underground-storage-tank-sites-guide-corrective
USEPA, 2004c. Site Characterization Technologies for DNAPL Investigations. EPA/542/R-04/017. Solid Waste and Emergency Response (5102G).  Local Copy (2.9MB).  September 2004.
USEPA, 2004d. Region IX. Preliminary Remediation Goals.  Local Copy (82KB).  October 2004.
USEPA, 2004e. User’s Guide for the Johnson and Ettinger (1991) Model for Subsurface Vapor Intrusion into Buildings. EPA 68-W-02-33, WA No. 004, PN 030224. Washington, DC.  Local Copy (1.3MB).  February 22.
USEPA, 2004f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. User’s Guide for Subsurface Vapor Intrusion into Buildings.  February 2004.
USEPA, 2004g. Office of Science and Technology. Washington, DC The Incidence and Severity of Sediment Contamination in Surface Waters of the United States, Volume 1: National Sediment Quality Survey: Second Edition, EPA/823/R-04/007.  November 2004.
USEPA, 2005. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Groundwater Sampling and Monitoring with Direct Push Technologies. EPA/540/R-04/005, OSWER 9200.1-51 (5204G). Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/char/540r04005.pdf.  Local Copy (1.3MB).  August 2005.
USEPA, 2005b. USEPA Region 9 Technical Guidelines for Accurately Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Concentrations in Soil and Solid Matrices, R9QA/05.2.  December 2005
USEPA, 2005c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Perchlorate Treatement Technology Update. Federal Facilities Forum Issue Paper. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/542/R-05/015. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/remed/542-r-05-015.pdf.  Local Copy (2.5MB).  May 2005.
USEPA, 2005d. Generic Ecological Assessment Endpoints (GEAEs) for Ecological Risk Assessment. Website URL: http://www.epa.gov/raf/publications/pdfs/GENERIC_ENDPOINTS_2004.pdf.  Updated URL: https://www.epa.gov/risk/generic-ecological-assessment-endpoints-geae-ecological-risk-assessment
USEPA, 2005e. Procedures for the Derivation of Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Benchmarks (ESBs) for the Protection of Benthic Organisms: Metal Mixtures (Cadmium, Copper, Lead, Nickel, Silver, and Zinc). EPA/600/R-02/011.  January 2005.
USEPA, 2005f. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Contaminated Sediment Remediation Guidance for Hazardous Waste Sites. (EPA/540/R-05/012, OSWER 9355.0-85). Website URL: http://www.epa.gov/superfund/resources/sediment/guidance.htm.  Updated URL: https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/174471.pdf
USEPA, 2005g. Ecological Soil Screening Level. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/risk/ecological-soil-screening-level-eco-ssl-guidance-and-documents.  Accessed September 2018.
USEPA, 2006. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Information. Data Quality Assessment: A Reviewer’s Guide. EPA QA/G-9R, EPA/240/B-06/002.  Local Copy (259KB).  February 2006.
USEPA, 2006b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Information. Guidance on Systematic Planning Using the Data Quality Objectives Process. EPA QA/G-4, EPA/240/B-06/001.  Local Copy (1.7MB).  February 2006.
USEPA, 2006c. On the Computation of a 95% Upper Confidence Limit of the Unknown Population Mean Based Upon Data Sets with Below Detection Limit Observations. EPA/600/R-06/022. Website URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?dirEntryID=150528.  Local Copy (741KB).  March 2006.Updated URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi/P10030ZP.PDF?Dockey=P10030ZP.PDF
USEPA, 2006d. Nitroaromatics, Nitramines, and Nitrate Esters by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Revison 2, SW846 Methods, Method 8330B.  Local Copy (285KB).  October 2006.
USEPA, 2006e. All Appropriate Inquires Rule: Reporting Requirements and Suggestions on Report Content. Brownfields Fact Sheet. EPA/560/F-06/244.  Local Copy (46KB).  November 2006.
USEPA, 2006f. In-Situ Treatment Technologies for Contaminated Soils – Engineering Forum Issue Paper. EPA/542/F-06/013.  Local Copy (940KB).  November 2006.
USEPA, 2006g. Office of Environmental Information, Washington, DC. Data Quality Assessment: Statistical Methods for Practitioners, EPA QA/G-9S. EPA/240/B-06/003. 
USEPA, 2007. CLU-IN database of Characterization and Monitoring, Field Analytic Technologies. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/char/technologies/. 
USEPA, 2007b. ProUCL Version 4.0 software. Software for calculating Upper Confidence Limits. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/esd/tsc/software.htm. Updated URL: https://www.epa.gov/land-research/proucl-software
USEPA, 2007c. USEPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/iris. 
USEPA, 2007d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Research Advances Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) Techniques for Effective Site Cleanup. Office of Research and Development.  Local Copy (128KB).  September 2007.
USEPA, 2007e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/600/R-07/141. Investigation of the Influence of Temporal Variation on Active Soil Gas/Vapor Sampling.  December 2007.
USEPA, 2007f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste, SW-846 Manual, Washington, DC Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods (Revision 5).  February 2007 (and updates).
USEPA, 2007g. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, At USEPA SW-846 Methods site. Method 6200, Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry for the Determination of Elemental Concentrations in Soil and Sediment (SW-846 Method 6200).  February 2007.
USEPA, 2007h. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Turbidimetric Screening Method for Total Recoverable Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil (SW-846 Method 9074).  February 2007.
USEPA, 2007i. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening Solid Samples for Volatile Organics (SW-846 Method 3815).  February 2007.
USEPA, 2007j. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Triazinine Herbicides as Atrazine in Water by Quantitative Immunoassay (SW-846 Method4670).  February 2007.
USEPA, 2007k. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Pentachlorophenol in Soil by UV-Induced Colorimetry. (SW-846 Method 8540).  February 2007.
USEPA, 2007l. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. At USEPA SW-846 Methods site, Method 3051A, Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Aqueous Samples and Extracts (SW-846 Method3051A). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-12/documents/3051a.pdf.  February 2007.
USEPA, 2008. Superfund Innovative Technologies Evaluation (Site) Program for Monitoring and Characterization Technologies. Website URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=56160. 
USEPA, 2008a. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, Third Edition, as updated by Updates I, II, IIA, IIB, III, IIIA, IIIB, IVA and IVB. EPA Test Method SW-846 (Online). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/testmethods/sw846/online/index.htm. 
USEPA, 2008b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, May 29, 2008, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratories. Screening Levels for Chemical Contaminants:. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/risk/regional-screening-levels-rsls-generic-tables.  September 2008.
USEPA, 2008c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Engineering Issue, Indoor Air Vapor Intrusion Mitigation Approaches. Office of Research and Development. National Risk Management Research Laboratory. EPA/600/R-08/115. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/char/600r08115.pdf.  Local Copy (523KB).  October 2008.
USEPA, 2008d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation. Indoor Air Quality Building Education and Assessment Model. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/indoor-air-quality-building-education-and-assessment-model.  October 2008.
USEPA, 2008e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticide Programs. Reregistration Eligibility Decision for Pentachlorophenol.  Local Copy (973KB).  September 25, 2008.
USEPA, 2008f. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Performance of the CAPE Technologies DF1 Dioxin/Furan Immunoassay Kit for Soil and Sediment Samples (SW-846 Method 4025). Website URL: http://www.cape-tech.com/SITE_Program_Phase_2_final_report.pdf.  February 2008.
USEPA, 2008g. Office of the Science Advisor, Risk Assessment Forum. Framework for Application of the Toxicity Equivalence Methodology for Polychlorinated Dioxins, Furans, and Biphenyls in Ecological Risk Assessment, EPA/100/R-08/004.  June 2008.
USEPA, 2009. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/600/R-09/073. Vertical Distribution of VOCs in Soils from Groundwater to the Surface/Subslab.  August 2009.
USEPA, 2010. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods. SW-846 Third Edition and Update IV. Website URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/testmethods/sw846/online/index.htm.  June 2010.
USEPA, 2010b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Institutional Controls: A Guide to Planning, Implementing, Maintaining, and Enforcing Institutional Controls at Contaminated Sites, Interim Final. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/540/R-09/001.  Local Copy (735KB).  November 2010.
USEPA, 2010c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory. Vertical Distribution of VOCs in Soils from Groundwater to the Surface/Subslab, Soil Vapor Probe Equilibration Study.  March 2010.
USEPA, 2010d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory. Vertical Distribution of VOCs in Soils from Groundwater to the Surface/Subslab, Stratification of VOCs in Groundwater & Soil Vapor Probe Equilibration Study.  August 2010.
USEPA, 2010e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Best Management Practices: Use of Systematic Project Planning under a Triad Approach for Site Assessment and Cleanup. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/char/EPA-542-f-10-010.pdf.  September 2010.
USEPA, 2011. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Air Sparging Overview. Technology Innovation and Field Services Division. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/techfocus/default.focus/sec/Air_Sparging/cat/Overview. 
USEPA, 2011b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents Overview. Technology Innovation and Field Services Division. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/techfocus/default.focus/sec/Bioremediation/cat/Overview/. 
USEPA, 2011c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency In-Situ Oxidation Overview. Technology Innovation and Field Services Division. Website URL: https://clu-in.org/techfocus/default.focus/sec/In_Situ_Oxidation/cat/Overview/. 
USEPA, 2011d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, EPA/600/R-090/052F. Exposure Factors Handbook. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/expobox/exposure-factors-handbook-2011-edition.  September 2011. Updated URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/risk/recordisplay.cfm?deid=236252
USEPA, 2011e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA/530/R-10/001. Background Indoor Air Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds in North American Residences (1990–2005): A Compilation of Statistics for Assessing Vapor Intrusion.  June 2011
USEPA, 2012. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA/530/R-10/002. EPA’s Vapor Intrusion Database: Evaluation and Characterization of Attenuation Factors for Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds and Residential Buildings.  March 2012.
USEPA, 2012b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratories. Screening Levels for Chemical Contaminants. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/risk/regional-screening-levels-rsls-generic-tables.  2012.
USEPA, 2012c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Recommendations for Default Value for Relative Bioavailability of Arsenic in Soil. OSWER 9200.1-113.  Local Copy (38KB).  December 2012.
USEPA, 2012d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, DC EPA/530/R-10/003. Conceptual Model Scenarios for the Vapor Intrusion Pathway.  February 2012.
USEPA, 2013. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Underground Storage Tanks, EPA/510/R-13/001. Evaluation of Empirical Data to Support Soil Vapor Intrusion Screening Criteria for Petroleum Hydrocarbon Compounds.  January 2013
USEPA, 2013b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. ProUCL Version 5.0.00 User Guide, Statistical Software for Environmental Applications for Data Sets with and without Nondetect Observations, EPA/600/R-07/041.  September 2013.
USEPA, 2013c. U.S. EPA Region 4 Technical Services Section. U.S. EPA Region 4 Technical Services Section Issue Paper for Polychlorinated Biphenyl Characterization at Region 4 Superfund and RCRA Sites.  February 28, 2013.
USEPA, 2013d. U.S. EPA Region 4 Science and Ecosystem Support Division, Athens, Georgia. Operating Procedure: Groundwater Level and Well Depth Measurement SESDPROC-105-R2.  January 29, 2013. Local Copy
USEPA, 2014. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Science and Ecosystem Support Division. SESDPROC-202-R3. Management of Investigation Derived Waste.  July 2014.
USEPA, 2014b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening for PCDD/PCDFs by Immunoassay. (SW-846 Method 4025).  July 2014.
USEPA, 2014c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening for Dioxin-like Chemical Activity in Soils and Sediments using CALUX Bioassay and TEQ Determination. (SW-846 Method 4435).  July 2014.
USEPA, 2014d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. At USEPA SW-846 Methods site, Method 6010B, Inductively Coupled Plasma – Mass Spectrometry (SW-846 Method 6010B). Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/6010b.pdf.  July 2014.
USEPA, 2014e. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. Passive Samplers for Investigations of Air Quality: Method Description, Implementation, and Comparison to Alternative Sampling Methods, EPA/600/R-14/434.  December 2014.
USEPA, 2015. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratories. Screening Levels for Chemical Contaminants.  November 2015.
USEPA, 2015b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Science and Ecosystem Support Division. SESDPROC-205-R3. Field Equipment Cleaning and Decontamination.  December 2015.
USEPA, 2015c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, DC, OSWER Publication 9200.2-154. Assessing and Mitigating the Vapor Intrusion Pathway from Subsurface Vapor Sources to Indoor Air. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/oswer-vapor-intrusion-technical-guide-final.pdf.  June 2015.
USEPA, 2015d. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Underground Storage Tanks. Technical Guide for Addressing Petroleum Vapor Intrusion at Leaking Underground Storage Tank Sites, Washington, DC, EPA/510/R-15/001. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-06/documents/pvi-guide-final-6-10-15.pdf.  June 2015.
USEPA, 2015e. Determination of the Biologically Relevant Sampling Depth for Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecological Risk Assessments. EPA/600/R-15/176.  October 2015.
USEPA, 2016. Office of Water. National Recommended Water Quality Criteria: 2016. Website URL: http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/standards/criteria/current/index.cfm. 
USEPA, 2016b. Generic Ecological Assessment Endpoints (GEAEs) for Ecological Risk Assessment: Second Edition with Generic Ecosystem Services Endpoints added. Risk Assessment Forum. EPA/100/F15/005. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-08/documents/geae_2nd_edition.pdf.  July.
USEPA, 2017. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Groundwater Sampling: USEPA Region 4, Science and Ecosystem Support System, SESDPROC-301-R4, April 26, 2017. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2017-07/documents/groundwater_sampling301_af.r4.pdf Local Copy
USEPA, 2018. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Superfund CLP National Functional Guidelines for Data Review. EPA.GOV. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/clp/contract-laboratory-program-national-functional-guidelines-data-review.  Accessed September 2018
USEPA, 2018b. Risk Assessment Guidelines. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/risk/risk-assessment-guidelines.  Accessed October 2018.
USEPA, 2020a. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Field Equipment Cleaning and Decontamination: USEPA Region 4, LSASDPROC-205-R4, June 22, 2020. Local Copy
USEPA, 2020b. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Management of Investigation Derived Waste: USEPA Region 4, Laboratory Services and Applied Sciences Division, LSASDPROC-202-R4, May 4, 2020. Local Copy
USEPA, 2020c. Management of Investigation Derived Waste. Laboratory Services and Applied Science Division. OSWER Publication 9345.3-03FS. Washington, DC  Local Copy (939KB).  April 1992.
USEPA/DoD/DOE, 2005. Uniform Federal Policy for Quality Assurance Project Plans. Final Version. EPA/505/B-04/900A; DoD: DTIC ADA 427785. Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/ufp_qapp_v1_0305.pdf.  March 2005.
USEPA/SERDP/ESTCP, 2017. Laboratory, Field, and Analytical Procedures for Using Passive Sampling in the Evaluation of Contaminated Sediments: User’s Manual. EPA/600/R- 16/357. Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC 20460. Website URL: https://serdp-estcp.org/News-and-Events/Blog/National-Guidance-Documents-on-Use-and-Application-of-Passive-Samplers. 
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USFWS, 2018. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Recovery Plans Search. Website URL: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/recovery-plans.html.  January 16, 2018.
USFWS, 2018b. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Listing and Critical Habitat. Website URL: https://www.fws.gov/endangered/what-we-do/critical-habitats.html.  July 19, 2018.
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