Master Acronym and Abbreviation List

% percent
°C degrees Celsius
°F degrees Fahrenheit
µg micrograms
µg/g micrograms per gram
µg/kg micrograms per kilogram
µg/L micrograms per liter
µg/m³ micrograms per cubic meter
µm micrometers (microns)
less than or equal to
2,4,5-T 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid
2,4,5-TP 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxypropionic acid
2,4-D dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid
A hold time after extraction until analysis
AMAP Applicable Monitoring and Assessment Plan
ANZECC Australian/New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council
APHA American Public Health Association
API American Petroleum Institute
ARAR applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements
ARMCANZ Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
atm-m³/Mol moles per cubic meter (air) to moles per cubic meter (water)
ATSDR U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
AVS/SEM acid-volatile sulfide and simultaneously extracted metals
BERA Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment
bgs below ground surface
BSAF Biota-to-Sediment Accumulation Factor
BTEX benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and total xylenes
CAB HDOH Clean Air Branch
CAD computer-aided design
CalEPA California Environmental Protection Agency
CAO HDOH Compliance Assistance Office
CAS Chemical Abstract Service
CBR Critical Body Residue
CCME Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment
CD compact disc
CERCLA U.S. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (a.k.a. the Superfund Law)
CFR U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
CH₄ methane
cm centimeters
cm³/g cubic centimeters per gram
CO carbon monoxide
CO₂ carbon dioxide
COC chain-of-custody
COC contaminant of concern
COPC chemical (or contaminant) of potential concern
COPEC contaminant of potential environmental concern
CPT cone penetrometer technologies
CSM conceptual site model
CSV comma-separated values
CWA U.S. Clean Water Act
CWB HDOH Clean Water Branch
D discrete
D-D a mixture of 1,2-dichloropropane; 1,3-dichloropropene; and 2,3-dichloropropene
DBCP 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane
DCE dichloroethene
DDT dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane
dioxins polychlorinated dibenzodioxins
DNAPL dense non-aqueous phase liquid
DoD U.S. Department of Defense
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
DPE dual-phase extraction
DPT direct push technologies
DQA data quality assessment
DQO data quality objective
Draft RAM Draft Response Action Memorandum
DSITMS direct sampling ion trap mass spectrometry
DSMOA DoD-State Memorandum of Agreement
DTSC California Department of Toxic Substances Control
DU decision unit
DVD digital video disc
E Hold time to extraction
EAL Environmental Action Level
EDB 1,2-dibromoethane (a.k.a. ethylene dibromide)
EHE Environmental Hazard Evaluation
EHMP Environmental Hazard Management Plan
EHSD HDOH Environmental Health Services Division
EM electromagnetics
EMD HDOH Environmental Management Division
EP&R HEER Emergency Preparedness and Response Section
EPCRA U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-know Act
EPDM ethylene propylene diene monomer
EPO HDOH Environmental Planning Office
ER-L Effects Range-Low
ER-M Effects Range-Median
ERA Ecological Risk Assessment
ERO HDOH Environmental Resources Office
ESA U.S. Endangered Species Act
ESA environmental site assessment
eV electron-volt
FFD fuel fluorescence detector
FID flame ionization detector
FIFRA U.S. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
Final RAM Final Response Action Memorandum
FRTR Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable
ft feet
ft² square feet
FTC Fast Track Cleanup
FTP file transfer protocol
FUDS Formerly Used Defense Sites
Furans polychlorinated dibenzofurans
FWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
g grams
GAC granulated activated carbon
GC gas chromatography
GC/MS gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
GIS geographical information system
GPR ground-penetrating radar
GPS global positioning satellite
HAR Hawaiʻi Administrative Rules
HASP Health and Safety Plan
Hawaiʻi SCP Hawaiʻi State Contingency Plan (HAR Chapter 11-451)
HAZWOPER hazardous waste operations and emergency response
HCIF Hawaiʻi Chemical Inventory Form
HCl hydrochloric acid
HDLIR Hawaiʻi Department of Labor and Industrial Relations
HDLNR Hawaiʻi Department of Land and Natural Resources
HDOA Hawaiʻi Department of Agriculture
HDOH, HIDOH Hawaiʻi Department of Health
HDPE high-density polyethylene
HDX octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine
HEER HDOH Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office
HEPCRA Hawaiʻi Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (HRS Chapter 128E)
HERL Hawaiʻi Environmental Response Law (HRS Chapter 128D)
HHRA Human Health Risk Assessment
HIOSH HDLIR Occupational Safety and Health Division
HMW high molecular weight
HMX octogen (nitroamine explosive)
HNO₃ nitric acid
HOCC Hawaiʻi One Call Center
HQ hazard quotient
HRS Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes
HSA hollow-stem auger
HSERC Hawaiʻi State Emergency Response Commission
HTTD high-temperature thermal desorption
HVAC Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning
HVOCs halogenated volatile organic compounds
ID Identity
IDW investigation-derived waste
IEQ indoor environmental quality
IEUBK Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Lead in Children
in Hg inches of mercury (units of pressure)
IRIS Integrated Risk Information System
ISQG Interim Sediment Quality Guideline
ITRC Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council
K Kelvins (units of temperature)
kg kilogram
km kilometer
Koc organic carbon sorption coefficient
L liter
lb pounds
LCS laboratory control sample
LCSD laboratory control sample duplicate
LEL lower explosive limit
LEPC Local Emergency Planning Committees
LIF laser-induced fluorescence
LIMS laboratory information management system
LMW low molecular weight
LNAPL light non-aqueous phase liquid
LOAEL lowest observed adverse effect level
LOC Letter of Completion
LTTD low-temperature thermal desorption
LUCIP Land Use Controls Implementation Plan
LUCs land use controls
LVP large-volume purge
m, m², m³ Meter, Square Meter, Cubic Meter
m³/mol cubic meters per mole
MADEP Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
MC munitions contaminants
MCS Modified California Sampler
MDL method detection limit
MDNR Missouri Department of Natural Resources
mg/kg milligrams per kilogram
mg/L milligrams per liter
mg/m³ milligrams per cubic meter
MGP manufactured gas plants
MHI Main Hawaiian Islands
MI Multi Increment™, Registered trademark of Envirostat, Inc.
MIBK methyl isobutyl ketone
MIP membrane interface probe
MIS Multi Increment sampling
mL milliliter
MLE maximum likelihood estimation
mm millimeter
mm Hg millimeters of mercury (units of pressure)
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MPE multi-phase extraction
MRBCA Missouri Risk-Based Corrective Action
MS mass spectrometer
MSD matrix spike duplicate
MSMA monosodium methane arsenate
MTBE methyl tertiary butyl ether
MW molecular weight
Na₂SO₄ sodium bisulfate
NAD83 North American Datum 1983
NaOH sodium hydroxide
NAPL non-aqueous phase liquid
Na₂S₂O₃ sodium thiosulfate
NAVFAC U.S. Naval Facilities Engineering Command
NCEA USEPA National Center for Environmental Assessment
NCP U.S. National Contingency Plan
NEIWPCC New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission
NELAC National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference
NFA no further action
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NJDEP New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
NMFS U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOAEL no observed adverse effect level
NPL National Priorities List
NRC U.S. National Response Center
NRCS USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
NRDA natural resource damage assessment
NTP National Toxicology Program
NTU nephelometric turbidity units
NVOC non-volatile organic compounds
NWHI Northwest Hawaiian Islands
NYDOH New York Department of Health
O&M operation and maintenance
OC organic carbon
OEQC Hawaiʻi Office of Environmental Quality Control
One atmosphere 760 mm of mercury
OPA U.S. Oil Pollution Act of 1990
OSHA U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSWER USEPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
PAH polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon
PARCC precision, accuracy, representativeness, completeness, and comparability
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PCDDs/PCDFs polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans
PCE tetrachloroethylene
PCP pentachlorophenol
PDBE polybrominated diphenyl ether
PDBS polyethylene diffusion bag sampler
PDS polyethylene diffusion bag samplers
PDF Portable Document Format
PID photo ionization detector
POC purgeable organic compounds
POCIS polar organic chemical integrative samplers
POX purgeable organic halogens
ppb parts per billion
ppbv parts per billion by volume
PPE personal protective equipment
ppm parts per million
ppmv parts per million by volume
PQL practical quantitation limit
PRGs preliminary remediation goals
PRP potentially responsible party
PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene
PUC Hawaiʻi Public Utilities Commission
PVC polyvinyl chloride
QA quality assurance
QA/QC quality assurance and quality control
QAPP Quality Assurance Project Plan
QC quality control
RAA Remedial Alternatives Analysis
RAM Response Action Memorandum
RAR Removal Action Report
RCRA U.S. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RDX hexahydro-1,2,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine
redox reduction/oxidation
RFH radio frequency heating
RFI RCRA Facility Investigation
RI Remedial Investigation
RL reporting limit
RME reasonable maximum exposure
ROSTTM Rapid Optical Screen Tool
RPD relative percent difference
RPM remedial project manager
RPPS rigid porous polyethylene samplers
RSD relative standard deviation
RSL Regional Screening Level
RWQCB (California) Regional Water Quality Control Board
SAP sampling and analysis plan
SBRC Solubility Bioaccessibility Research Consortium
SCP Hawaiʻi State Contingency Plan
SD standard deviation
SDAR HEER Site Discovery, Assessment and Remediation Section
SDWA U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act
SDWB HDOH Safe Drinking Water Branch
SHWB HDOH Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch
SIM selected ion mode
SLERA Screening Level Ecological Risk Assessment
SOP standard operating procedure
SOSC Hawaiʻi State On-Scene Coordinator
SPLP synthetic precipitation leaching procedure
SPSH six-phase soil heating
SPT standard penetrometer test
SQG Sediment Quality Guideline
SSCS Site Specific Calibration Standard(s)
SSD subslab depressurization
SUF site use factor
SVE soil vapor extraction
SVOC semi-volatile organic compound
SW-846 USEPA publication SW-846, “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods”
TBC to-be-considered
TBT tributyltin
TCA trichlorethane
TCDD tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
TCE trichloroethylene
TCLP Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure
TCP 1,2,3-trichloropropane
TEF Toxicity Equivalence Factor
Telone 1,3-dichloropropene
TEQ Toxic Equivalency
TGM HEER Technical Guidance Manual
THMs trihalomethanes
TMK tax map key
TNT 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene
TOC total organic carbon
TOX total organic halogens
TPH total petroleum hydrocarbons
TPH-D total petroleum hydrocarbons-diesel range
TPH-G total petroleum hydrocarbons-gasoline range
TPH-O total petroleum hydrocarbons-oil range
TRV toxicity reference value
TSA U.S. Transportation Security Administration
TSCA U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act
TSD treatment, storage, and disposal
TVH total volatile hydrocarbons
TWG Technical Working Group
U.S. United States of America
UCL upper confidence level
UCL95 95% upper confidence limit on the mean concentration
UECA Uniform Environmental Covenants Act (HRS Chapter 508C)
UIPA Hawaiʻi Uniform Information Practices Act
US Army U.S. Department of the Army
US Navy U.S. Department of the Navy
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
USAFCEE U.S. Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence
USCS Unified Soil Classification System
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USEPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
USNFESC U.S. Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center
UST underground storage tank
UTM Universal Transverse Mercator
UV ultraviolet
UXO unexploded ordnance
VOA volatile organic analysis
VOC volatile organic compound
VRP HEER Voluntary Response Program
VSP Visual Sample Plan
WHO World Health Organization
WWB HDOH Wastewater Branch
XRF X-ray fluorescence
yd³ cubic yard