Hawaii Health Survey (HHS)
The Hawaii Health Survey (HHS) is a continuous statewide household survey of health and socio-demographic conditions of Hawaii’s people. The survey is conducted as a means of providing Hawaii Department of Health (DOH) programs, other agencies, and the public with statistics for planning and evaluation of health services, programs, and health research.
Core variables included are gender, age, income, ethnicity, education, household size, insurance status, income and poverty status, and health status including both mental and physical health. Ethnicity, income, insurance status are derived from detailed multiple coded since the survey’s inception and can be reported using various algorithms including the American Community Survey methods. Insurance status is captured by seventeen questions.
The HHS (initiated in 1968) was modeled after the National Health Information Survey. In 1996 it became a telephone survey; OHSM has contracted with SMS Research to conduct the survey beginning in 1996. The respondent is an adult 18 years of age or older who is knowledgeable about their household. Typically around 6,000 households are sampled including 6,000 respondents. The sample data is then weighted to represent adults, households, or all ages in Hawai’i. The total numbers are adjusted as households without telephones, Ni`ihau, group quarters, and the homeless were not represented through 2009. During 2009 cell phone surveys were added and starting in 2010 select group quarters and the homeless are sampled and will be included in the weighting process.
The Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT), as agreed upon with the U.S. Bureau of the Census, provides annual state and county estimates of the total population on gender, age, county, and household size. These and other sources of population data were used to inflate (weight), the telephone sampling data. Because select groups are not included total adults, households, and the population of Hawai’i will not match the Census or America Community Survey numbers.
Fractions were rounded by the computer to the nearest whole number resulting in totals that may differ from the sum of the individual numbers in the columns. In most cases, percentages were calculated by dividing the total for a particular category by the total of the entire column, including the answers “do not know” and “refused.”
Software products used to analyze data are SAS and SUDAAN. The results posted on this Web page were generated using SAS/STAT software, Version 9.2of the SAS System for the XP_PRO platform with Microsoft Windows XP Professional Copyright (c) 2002-2008. SAS Institute Inc. SAS and all other SAS Institute Inc. product or service names are registered trademarks or trademarks of SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. Variance estimates are producing using SUDAAN software with adjustments for the complex sample design of the HHS (SUDAAN® is a registered trademark of the Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC).
If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer, you need to install it before you can view and print the downloadable PDF files. The Acrobat Reader is free and can be downloaded to your computer by clicking on the button:
Special Projects – Special reports and data delivered outside of the HHS:
- Cardiovascular Disease and Climate Change, Presentation to The Hawaii Climate Change and Health Working Group November 19, 2015 (PDF)
- Suicide Ideation of Adults in Hawai’i, November 2013 (PPT)
- Fish Consumption For Adults in Hawai’i, July 2012 (PDF)
- Trends in Chronic Diseases by Demographic Variables, Hawaii’s Older Population, Hawaii Health Survey (HHS)
Poster: American Public Health Association, Annual Meeting Washington DC, November 2007 Powerpoint or PDF
- Association of Mental and Physical Health, SF-12© Scores, with Self-Reported Chronic Health Conditions in the Hawaiian Population Presentation: Pacific Global Health Conference, June 16, 2005 (PDF)
- Considered, Made a Plan, and Attempted Suicide (PDF)
- Hunger and Food Insecurity in Hawai’i (PDF)
- 2009 Survey Questionnaire-Core (PDF)