Signs of Stroke & Heart Attacks


A stroke occurs when a blood clot forms in the blood vessels, blocking the flow of oxygen to the brain.This can result in long-term brain damage, disability and death. Early intervention is key to avoiding harmful and life-threatening outcomes from stroke, as the chances of survival are greater when treatment begins quickly. Strokes can occur at any age, although the risk of having one increases as we get older.

Stroke symptoms often appear suddenly. They can include numbness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body; confusion or slurred speech; severe headaches; trouble walking or seeing; and dizziness and loss of balance.

The acronym “FAST” is an easy mnemonic device used to remember and recognize the signs of stroke:

F: face drooping?
A: arm weakness?
S: speech difficulty?
T: time to call 9-1-1

For more information regarding stroke, click here.


There are five major signs and symptoms of heart attack in both men and women:

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Feeling unusually weak, light-headed or faint
  • Pain or discomfort in the neck, back or jaw
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms or shoulder
  • Shortness of breath

Some people may not experience any symptoms of heart disease until a heart attack occurs. Women can also experience other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting or unexplained tiredness, and they are also more likely to experience sharp, burning chest pain.

Call 9-1-1 immediately if you notice the symptoms of a heart attack in yourself or someone else. The chances of surviving a heart attack are greater the sooner emergency treatment is received.