Do I Have Diabetes or Prediabetes?

Not everyone experiences symptoms of prediabetes and diabetes.  In fact, 9 out 10 adults who have prediabetes and 3 out of 10 adults who have type 2 diabetes are not aware that they have it.  If you have the following risk factors, you may be at higher risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes:

  • You are overweight
  • You are 45 years old or older
  • You have a family history of type 2 diabetes
  • You are physically active less than three times per week
  • You have given birth to a baby that weighed more than nine pounds
  • You have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes when pregnant.


To see if you are at risk for prediabetes, take the Diabetes Risk Test and share the results with your doctor or health care provider—he/she can verify your results utilizing a simple blood sugar (glucose) test. If your doctor or health care provider determines that you have prediabetes, he/she may recommend making simple lifestyle changes.  He/she may also recommend that you enroll in a group lifestyle change program, such as the National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP).  Joining a DPP can help you to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by over half!  Visit for more information.


If you have type 2 diabetes, your doctor or health care provider will recommend making lifestyle changes that can help you manage your diagnosis. He/she may also recommend enrolling in Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSMES) services, which are covered by most insurance plans and requires a doctor referral. You can bring this sample referral form to your doctor or health care provider to get started. DSMES helps people with diabetes learn how to eat healthy, be active, check and regulate their blood sugar, take their medicine, cope with diabetes-related problems, and reduce their risk of other health complications.  Click here to find DSMES services near you.

Other programs available in the community include Chronic Disease Self-Management Programs (CDSMP) and Diabetes Self-Management Programs (DSMP), which are usually available at low or no cost. These programs welcome those with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and their caregivers to learn how they can manage their sugar levels and minimize their diabetes-related complications. Programs are held in a group setting over the course of 6 weeks. Click here to find a program near you or call the Hawai’i State Executive Office on Aging at (808) 586-0100.