TBI Prevention

Youth soccer player with hurt head

There are many ways to reduce the chances of sustaining a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).  In children, buckling your child in the car using a child safety seat, booster seat or seat belt can prevent a TBI in the event of a car crash.

KNOW THE STAGES:

Birth until age 2 – 4:  For the best possible protection, infants and toddlers should be buckled in a rear-facing seat, in the back seat, until they reach the upper weight or height limits of their seat.  Check the seat’s owner’s manual and/or labels on the seat for weight and height limits.

After outgrowing rear-facing seat until at least age 5, they should be buckled in a forward-facing car seat, in the back seat, until they reach the upper weight or height limit of their seat.   Check the seat’s owner’s manual and/or labels on the seat for weight and height limits.

After outgrowing a forward-facing seat and until seat belts fit properly, the child should be buckled in a belt positioning booster seat until seat belts fit properly.  Seat belts fit properly when the lap belt lays across the upper thighs (not the stomach) and the shoulder belt lay across the chest (not the neck).  Proper seat belt fit usually occurs when children are about 4 feet 9 inches tall and age 9 – 12 years.

Once seat belts fit properly without a booster seat, the booster seat is no longer needed.  Seat belts fit properly when the lap belt lays across the upper thighs (not the stomach) and the shoulder belt lay across the chest (not the neck). Proper seat belt fit usually occurs when children are about 4 feet 9 inches tall and age

9 – 12 years.  For the best possible protection, keep children properly buckled in the back seat.  Remember, all children aged 12 years and under should ride in the back seat. Airbags can severely injure children riding in the front seat or worse.  Never place a rear-facing car seat in the front seat or in front of an air bag.

For additional information on child safety seats, click here:

https://www.cdc.gov/MotorVehicleSafety/Child_Passenger_Safety/index.html

 

OTHER PREVENTION TIPS

  • Wear a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle and obey traffic laws
  • Never drive while under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Wear a helmet and making sure your children wear helmets when:
  1. Riding a bike, motorcycle (https://cdc.gov/Motorvehiclesafety/mc/index.html), scooter, skateboard, or all-terrain vehicle;
  2. Playing a high impact, contact sport, such as football, boxing, wrestling:
  3. Batting and running bases in baseball or softball;
  4. Riding a horse

Falls are one of the leading traumatic brain injury causes.  The elderly are especially susceptible to brain injuries from falls.  Older people who live alone or in nursing homes can fall, slip, or trip and sustain devastating brain and head injuries.  Prevention tips:

  • Provide adequate lighting in the home and on walkways
  • Moving furniture or obstacles from walking pathways
  • Storing food and necessities in easily accessible areas
  • Provide handrails on both sides of stairways or hallways
  • Using non-slip mats in the bathtub or shower
  • Installing grab bars next to the toilet and in the tub or shower
  • Maintain a regular physical activity program, if your doctor agrees to improve lower body strength and balance

For additional information, click here:

https://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Falls/index.html

 

PREVENTION TIPS FOR CHILDREN

  • Install window guards to keep young children from falling out of open windows
  • Use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs when young children are around
  • Make sure the surface on your child’s playground is made of shock-absorbing material such as hardwood mulch or sand.

For additional information, click here:

https://www.cdc.gov/HeadsUp/