Poisoning Prevention Basics
Why is poisoning prevention important?
A Public Health Crisis Continues -Drug Overdose Deaths among Hawaii residents,1999‐2014.
Hawaii Poison Hotline & Suicide Crisis Line of Hawaii
Hawai’i Poison Hotline
Suicide Crisis Line of Hawaii,
- Oahu: 808-832-3100
- Neighbor Islands: 1-800-753-6879
Answer: Follow these steps when you suspect a poison has occurred.
- Remain calm
- Call 9-1-1 if you have a poison emergency and the victim has collapsed or is not breathing. If the victim is awake and alert, call Hawaii’s Poison Hotline Number 1-800-222-1222.
- Try to have this information ready and stay on the phone and follow the instructions from the emergency operator or poison control center.
- the victim’s age and weight
- the container or bottle of the poison if available
- the time of the poison exposure
- the address where the poisoning occurred
Q: What can I do to prevent poisonings?
Answer: Keep yourself and others safe from unintentional poisoning. Unintentional poisoning occurs when a person takes or gives too much of a substance without meaning to cause harm. For more information on how you can prevent poisonings go to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control.
Q: What is considered a poison?
Answer: Any product or substance, including medications, can be harmful if it is used in the wrong way, by the wrong person, or in the wrong amount. A poisoning can occur from that substance by eating it, drinking it, breathing it, injecting it, getting it on the skin, or getting it in the eyes.
Q: What are the most common causes of poisoning in Hawaii?
Answer: The leading causes of “Unintentional Nonfatal Poisonings” among Hawai`i residents are listed in order below:
Leading Causes of Unintentional Nonfatal Poisonings among Hawaii Residents (2008-2012)
Poisoning Prevention Details
For the full chapter on poisoning (PDF 656 KB) refer to the Databook (Injuries in Hawaii 2007-2011)
The Hawaii Poison Hotline is part of a national poison prevention network. The hotline number connects you directly to specially trained pharmacists and nurses to help manage poison exposure and answer poison related questions. The 2013 Hawaii Annual Report (PDF 265KB) summarizes the latest Hawaii Poison Hotline findings from the Rocky Mountain Poison & Drug Center (RMPDC).
Reduce inappropriate and illegal prescribing of prescription drugs.
In Hawaii, the number of prescription drug overdoses has increased from 83 in 1999 to 187 in 2011.The development and implementation of statewide prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP) are best practices for reducing inappropriate and illegal prescribing of controlled substances, including prescription drugs. The Injury Prevention and Control Section supports a variety of efforts including using data from the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) for a linkage study, educating providers about the use and evaluation of the PDMP, and Collaborating with partners on programs aimed at reducing abuse and misuse of prescription drugs.
The Injury Prevention and Control Section currently collaborates with the Narcotics Enforcement Division, Department of Public Safety (DPS), and other partners to support policies and practices aimed at reducing abuse and misuse of prescription drugs.
Resources and Links
Preventing prescription painkiller overdoses is one of the Injury Center’s focus areas. CDC’s Injury Center is committed to saving lives, protecting people, and lowering the health and societal costs of prescription painkiller overdoses and misuse.