Poisoning Prevention Basics
Why is poisoning prevention important?
A Public Health Crisis Continues -Drug Overdose Deaths among Hawaii residents,1999‐2014.
Hawaii Poison Hotline & Suicide Crisis Line of Hawaii
Hawai’i Poison Hotline
Suicide Crisis Line of Hawaii,
- Oahu: 808-832-3100
- Neighbor Islands: 1-800-753-6879
Answer: Follow these steps when you suspect a poison has occurred.
- Remain calm
- Call 9-1-1 if you have a poison emergency and the victim has collapsed or is not breathing. If the victim is awake and alert, call Hawaii’s Poison Hotline Number 1-800-222-1222.
- Try to have this information ready and stay on the phone and follow the instructions from the emergency operator or poison control center.
- the victim’s age and weight
- the container or bottle of the poison if available
- the time of the poison exposure
- the address where the poisoning occurred
Q: What can I do to prevent poisonings?
Answer: Keep yourself and others safe from unintentional poisoning. Unintentional poisoning occurs when a person takes or gives too much of a substance without meaning to cause harm. For more information on how you can prevent poisonings go to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control.
Q: What is considered a poison?
Answer: Any product or substance, including medications, can be harmful if it is used in the wrong way, by the wrong person, or in the wrong amount. A poisoning can occur from that substance by eating it, drinking it, breathing it, injecting it, getting it on the skin, or getting it in the eyes.
Q: What are the most common causes of poisoning in Hawaii?
Answer: The leading causes of “Unintentional Nonfatal Poisonings” among Hawai`i residents are listed in order below:
Leading Causes of Unintentional Nonfatal Poisonings among Hawaii Residents (2008-2012)
Poisoning Prevention Details
Please refer to the updated 2008-2012 summary on poisoning (PDF 16 KB) for more detail.
For the full chapter on poisoning (PDF 656 KB) refer to the Databook (Injuries in Hawaii 2007-2011)
Hawaii Poison Hotline is part of a national poison prevention network. The hotline number connects you directly to specially trained pharmacists and nurses to help manage poison exposure and answer poison related questions. The 2013 Hawaii Annual Report (PDF 265KB) summarizes the latest Hawaii Poison Hotline findings from the Rocky Mountain Poison & Drug Center (RMPDC).
STRATEGIES from the Hawaii Injury Prevention Plan (HIPP) 2012-2017 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR Poisoning Prevention
Recommendation 1: Enhance use of data resources to understand the problem of prescription drug overdoses in Hawai ‘i and facilitate prevention efforts
Recommendation 2: Identify and support enactment of policies and practices that reduce both inappropriate and illegal prescribing, and evaluate their effectiveness
Recommendation 3: Support primary poisoning prevention education and maintenance of the poison information hotline
Reduce inappropriate and illegal prescribing of prescription drug.
Hawaii Prescription Drug Overdose: Data Driven Prevention Initiative DDPI
- Strategy 1. Develop prescription drug and heroin abuse prevention plan
- Strategy 2 -Develop partnerships
- Strategy 3 -Enhance surveillance of prescription drug and heroin abuse and overdose
- Strategy 4 –Enhance access and application of PDMP data
- Strategy 5 –Enhance county access and application of data
Please contact us to request educational materials for the poison information hotline.
- Injury Prevention Advisory Committee
- Safe Kids World Wide
- Keiki Injury Prevention Coalition (KIPC) Hawaii
The Injury Prevention and Control Section currently collaborates with the Narcotics Enforcement Division, Department of Public Safety (DPS), and other partners to support policies and practices aimed at reducing abuse and misuse of prescription drugs. A few of those parnters are:
- Hawaii High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA)
- United States Attorney’s Office, District of Hawaii
- United States Department of Justice
- Department of the Attorney General
- Crime Prevent. & Justice Assistance Division, of the AG
- The Judiciary
- Adult Client Services Br., Circuit Court of the First Circuit
- Circuit Court of the First Circuit
- Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs: Hawaii Medical Board, Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs & Board of Pharmacy, Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs
- Department of Human Services – MedQuest Division
- Department of Public Safety
- Narcotics Enforcement Division, Department of Public Safety
- University of Hawaii (UH) School of Medicine, UH Hilo, Department of Pharmacy Practice, UH, Office of Public Health Studies
- DOH, Harm Reduction Services Branch
- DOH, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division
- DOH, West Honolulu Public Health Nursing Section
- DOH, Communicable Disease Division, DOH
- DOH, Office of Planning & Policy Development
- Papa Ola Lokahi
- Hawaii Pharmacists Association
- Hawaii/Pacific Basin Area Health Education Center, University of Hawaii
- Crime Prevention & Justice Assistance Division, Dept. of the Attorney General
- American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP)
- Integrated Physician Network (QCIPN)
- Hawaii Primary Care Association
- Hawaii Pacific Health
- Queens Medical Center
- Queen’s Clinically Independent Physicians Association (IPA)
- Kaiser Permanente
- Pacific Medical Administrative Group, Inc.
- Aloha United Way – Community Impact
- Drug Policy Forum of Hawaii
- Salvation Army
- Ku Aloha Ola Mau
- Ho’omau Ke Ola
- Hawaii Substance Abuse Coalition
- CHOW Project
- S&G Labs Hawaii
- Hawaii State Health Insurance Assistance Program (Hawaii SHIP)
- Healthy Aging Partnership
- City and County of Honolulu Police Department, Fire Department, Emergency Medical Services
- First Deputy Prosecutor, City and County of Honolulu
- County of Hawai‘i Police Department, Fire Department, Emergency Medical
- County of Kaua‘i Police Department, Fire Department, Emergency Medical County of
- County of Maui Police Department, Fire Department, Emergency Medical
- Ohana Makamae
- Hale Ho’okupa’a
- Ka Hale Pomaika’i
Resources and Links
Preventing prescription painkiller overdoses is one of the Injury Center’s focus areas. CDC’s Injury Center is committed to saving lives, protecting people, and lowering the health and societal costs of prescription painkiller overdoses and misuse.